Water heating Water heating Water heating of a country house Water heating of the house country house Heating house Heating

Recommendations about a choice and operation
Systems of water heating

to facilitate a choice of the most expedient system of heating, the following classification of individual houses and cottages is offered:

  • type And - one-storeyed houses with a cellar and without a cellar with an abrupt roof;
  • type - one-storeyed houses with a flat roof with a cellar or without a cellar;
  • type In - two and more floor houses with a flat or abrupt roof and with a cellar.

a Fig. 8. System of water heating with passing movement of water
1 - a copper; 2 - the main strut; 3 - a broad tank; 4 - an air collector; 5 - submitting struts;
6 - return struts; 7 - a return line; 8 - a broad pipe; 9 - the pump

For type houses And application of systems of water heating only with vertical struts is recommended. Heating systems with horizontal distributing cannot heat a garret with krutopadajushchej a roof. The system of water heating of such houses with a cellar or without it is desirable for carrying out two-trumpet with natural circulation with the top or bottom distributing. At copper installation in a cellar the chimney height should be not less than 10 m. In houses without a cellar coppers establish on the ground floor, and the system should be only with the top distributing.

with a cellar It would be necessary to apply system of water heating To houses of type with horizontal distributing. The copper is desirable for establishing in a cellar. Because the height of a pipe of such houses does not exceed 6 metres, it is desirable to apply gas or liquid fuel as fuel.

For houses of type without cellars also It would be recommended to apply system of water heating with horizontal distributing, a copper establish not zaglublennym, and as fuel application of gas or liquid fuel is desirable.

For two and more floor houses of type In it is expedient to use two-trumpet system water heating with vertical struts and the top or bottom distributing.
At horizontal system of heating it is impossible to warm all premises of the house completely. The heating system is carried out with natural circulation as the circulating pressure is for this purpose quite sufficient. As the chimney at these buildings has height not less than 10 m coppers can work on any fuel.

In table 1 the systems of heating recommended for application in houses of corresponding types are resulted.

Table 1.

Types of individual houses and systems of heating corresponding to them

heating System

Type And

Type

Type In

System of water heating:

With vertical distributing:

The top distribution the bottom distribution

With horizontal distributing

 

+


 

+

 

h

+


h

 

 


 

+


 

+

 

h

+

+

Air heating of the house

 

+

 

+

+

Local heating:
Gas heaters

Electric heaters with heat accumulation

+

+

h

h

+

+

h

h

h

h

the Note. the Shaded part in drawing the premises, not shaded the basement; "+" it is recommended; "ยง" it is supposed.